Veterinary Basics: Different Dental Procedures

Dental diseases can affect canines and cats even at a very young age, yet it’s more prevalent when they reach midlife. More than 85% of dogs and cats have developed oral problems after six years old.

The three major categories for dental diseases include gingivitis, tartar, and pyorrhoea. Gingivitis is the least of issues, and pyorrhoea is the most severe. Treatments can range from prescription antibiotics to complete dental scaling. Discover more about these problems to advocate dental care for your pets.

Three Categories of Pet Dental Disease


Gingivitis causes swelling of the gums around the teeth; it’s prevalent, every pet has it to some degree in their life. As such, family pets must get routine examinations from their primary veterinarian, who can quickly identify signs of gingivitis.

Like in people, it is caused by plaque build-up on the tooth. The interaction of food and saliva with bacteria from the mouth triggers the release of enzymes that break down the gum tissue, resulting in swelling.

Gingivitis can be easily avoided with appropriate oral hygiene. However, if left without treatment, it leads to periodontics or inflammation of the hard tissues around the tooth area.


The plaque accumulation in conjunction with gingivitis, if left untreated, may combine with minerals in the mouth that solidify like cement; this is called tartar. At some point, tartar will cause decay, gum problems, and other dental problems.

It would help to brush your pet’s teeth daily or thrice a week to resolve this problem. A change in diet that promotes dental health is also suggested. If you can not solve your pet’s problem, a veterinary dentistry specialist should examine and treat your pet’s oral issues. Visit if you’re searching for reputable dental facilities.


Pyorrhea is the third or final stage of gum disease; it’s an advanced stage that can cause tooth loss if untreated. Pus starts to develop at the bottom of affected teeth and gums. Pyorrhea also causes halitosis, discomfort, and loss of appetite in your pet. The infection can get into the bloodstream and may affect other organs.

Types of Procedures

Full Anesthetic

This is offered when your pet requires moderate to acute treatments; this consists of extractions, scaling, masses, or abscesses. Depending on the doctor’s examination, treatments might consist of other diagnostic radiographs, bloodwork, general anesthesia, and nerve blocks. Find out on this page about diagnostic procedures.

Pets that need less intensive cleaning, no extractions, and sensitivity to anesthetics may be given intravenous sedatives or “twilight sedation.”

Non-anesthetic Dentistry (NAD)

This can be done if your vet establishes that your pet has the temperament to allow the technician to conduct the treatment without anesthesia. Research shows that it is equal to or even much better than other procedures. It’s also more economical compared with medications.

Dental Care for Pets without Teeth

Chelonians, like turtles and tortoises, have a keratinized horny beak. They need to have a well-balanced diet with abrasive chewing materials to keep their beaks at the appropriate length. Diet lacking in calcium and vitamin D might cause overgrown beaks that need trimming by a vet.

Birds, similar to chelonians, have no teeth. Instead, they have a beak for eating, playing, preening, and climbing. Lack of a well-balanced diet and chewing items leads to overgrowth. Provide birds with crunchy vegetables, nuts, cuttlebones, and wooden toys to help beak wear and prevent overgrowth, so do a quick search for “avian vet near me page” if you’re looking for a facility for your pet bird.


With regular care, you can avoid serious dental health problems in your pets that often result in serious illnesses affecting the kidney, liver, and heart. Remember that the most severe dental issues just started possibly with gingivitis. This gum disease can be avoided or cured easily; however, it may advance to serious ones if left untreated.

It doesn’t matter if you’re caring for dogs, felines, or birds; they all need proper care in your house and routine examinations with their veterinarian to guarantee optimum health.