You can apply for a permanent or temporary resident visa if you’re a young, fit, and skilled person who can contribute to Canada’s economic growth. Canada’s government also provides refugees and international students opportunities to seek residency in the country, as long as they’re qualified. A part of the entire process is undergoing an immigration medical exam.

Where to Get a Medical Exam?

For permanent resident visa applicants, their accompanying spouses, common-law partners, and dependent children must also undergo the medical exam. In addition, the test is mandatory for long-term and short-term visitors. 

You can have your medical test anywhere you prefer. What’s important is that the doctor conducting the exam is an approved panel physician. Meaning, they’re included in the list as designated panel doctors approved by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Remember, they’re the only medical professionals who can conduct your examination and issue a Health Certificate.

You may visit this site for more info about the process.

Required Medical Exams to Immigrate to Canada

Though your panel physician conducts the medical exam and issues a Health certificate, note that the final decision only relies on the Canadian immigration officers. In other words, they may see other reasons to deny your visa application even if you passed the medical test.

If you’re in Thornhill, Canada, you may visit this page to know how to prepare before your appointment. Meanwhile, here’s a list of the required medical exams:

1. Physical Exam

  • Eyes
  • Nose
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Other functional organs

2. Blood Tests

A blood test is an important diagnostic test to determine diseases that affect your overall health. To enter Canada, you should be free from major diseases and disorders, including:

  • Active Tuberculosis (TB)
  • HIV
  • Syphilis

4. Chest X-Rays

In general, a chest x-ray can detect cancer, heat-related lung problems, and other chronic lung complications. If you’re pregnant, the panel doctor avoids this test, but you should undergo a few tests after giving birth, along with your newborn, to continue your visa application. That’s why it’s best to find a panel doctor near you for your convenience, such as this immigration medical clinic Scarborough area if you’re nearby.

5. Urine Tests

A thorough urine sample examination is carried out to determine medical issues, such as diabetes. 

Note: You are considered inadmissible to Canada if you suffer from medical conditions, diseases, or psychiatric conditions, requiring hospitalization and continued medical care. 

Other Important FAQs 

Is Drug Testing Included in the Medical Exam?

The exam includes blood and urine tests for other purposes but does not often include drug testing. Your panel physician will ask verbal questions about substance use, as well as review any records for substance abuse treatment. So, it’s the doctor’s discretion to recommend a drug test based on your answers to questions related to drug use.

What Is the Validity of My Medical Exam?

After your medical test, your panel doctor will issue a Health Certificate valid for 12 months or one year. Make sure to apply for a visa within this period to avoid repeating the process. 

What If I Fail the Medical Exam?

Canada’s immigration officers may refuse your visa application based on your medical examination result. Possible reasons for medical inadmissibility include:

  • Danger to public safety
  • Danger to public health
  • Excessive health or social services demand

Keep in mind that the excessive demand for medical inadmissibility rule doesn’t apply to refugees and their dependents, protected people, and individuals sponsored by their family (dependent children, spouses, partners).

You will receive a letter if the immigration officers believe you are medically inadmissible. It is called a procedural fairness letter, which allows you to respond and reverse their decision. In this case, it’s best to seek advice from immigration legal professionals (but it’s not required).

For example, you may provide more details and evidence on your health condition or medical diagnosis. This may be a treatment you received to cure or improve your current health condition. Another could be a medication or service you need, wherein your doctor has changed your medication. Or perhaps, a proof that your medicine won’t cost the government too much money because your physician switched your prescription to a lower cost. 

Send this additional important information within 90 days from the date of the procedural letter. You may contact Canada immigration to request an extension if you can’t respond by that date. You can see their contact details in the letter they sent you, so it must not be hard to reach out to them.